Development of Amsterdam|
|Nederlandse versie||updated 21-09-2010|
growth of the old center
Amsterdam starts to spread out and after the 17th century it does that by digging canals in the shape of half concentric circles around the 13th century root. Tzaar Peter the Great is so impressed by the canals and bridges after a visit to the city in1697 that he uses this poldermodel as a base for the new city he wants to build on peat ground Sint Petersburg.
This whole area lays in between the Singelgracht and
is now called Binnenstad (Inner city) of Amsterdam.
Every expansion also means building a new expensive
Notice that on most maps the north of
Amsterdam is pointed downwards
Trading is always been the main source of income for Amsterdam.
First exporting fish and beer and importing salt for preserving ("pekelen")
the fish. Later also exporting butter and cheese and importing spices and
coffee by the Dutch shipping company VOC (United Eastindisch Company).
The storage of the products results in building the large
monumental warehouses ("pakhuizen"). Most of them have recently been
turned into expensive appartments.
With the discovery of America the Dutch shipping company WIC (West Indisch Company)
starts in 1626 the
from West Africa to Surinam in South
America and to North America, to work on the plantations, mostly owned by Dutch immigrants.
In 25 years time more than 14,000 slaves don't survive the passage.
It is a misconception to think that the slave trade is a profitable business.
Amsterdam and World War II
Being Dutch we are used to always obey our governments, in spite of our grouching. We much
rather offer resistance by means of writing and protest actions, than with practice-based doings.
(read Han van der Horst The low sky, pag 155+).
When during 1940 and 1945 the Jews and communists are thrown out of the Amsterdam
Civil Service office, there are no protests coming from the City Council.
The Amsterdam police is eager to help the Germans, while the Civil servants are
very docile. Also the NS (Nederlandse Spoorwegen = National Dutch Railways)
doesn't mind to cooperate with the Nazis. Some of the Amsterdam citizens themselves disgracefully
betray and plunder their fellow citizens and neighbors.
Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig
western wall NZ Kolk
southwestern wall NZ Kolk
VOC sea depot
In March 1994, while digging necessary for constructing a large building project at the
Nieuwezijds Kolk, an old wall appeared.
It turned out to be a fortress wall from the 13th century. It is unlikely to be the fortress of the
Heren van Aemstel.
The Amsterdam Tourist Board is in favor of exploiting this piece of heritage commercially with a multi-mediashow.
The archaeological department as well as alderman Ruud Grondel want to build an archaeological
museum above the wall which is part of the oldest stone building of Amsterdam.
The real estate developer want to start as soon an possible with its complex of houses, shops,
offices, a parking garage and a hotel.
Because of the usual lack of funding the plot is filled with sand and the building of the new complex
on top of this piece of inheritance is a fact.
As a type of conservation for future generations.
archeology at the
A large collection of all kind of big and small projects are taken place in Amsterdam at the moment. All of them are taken much longer and with more much expences than planned.